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map

Sets values of custom placeholders switched on an input value.

It compares the source value against the input side of the map, and for one that matches, it applies the output value(s) to each destination. Destinations become placeholder names. Default output values may also be specified for each destination.

Mapped placeholders are not evaluated until they are used, so even for very large mappings, this directive is quite efficient.

Syntax

map [<matcher>] <source> <destinations...> {
	[~]<input> <outputs...>
	default    <defaults...>
}
  • <source> is the input value to switch on. Usually a placeholder.
  • <destinations...> are the placeholders to create that hold the output values.
  • <input> is the input value to match. If prefixed with ~, is treated as a regular expression.
  • <outputs...> is one or more output values to store in the associated placeholder. The first output is written to the first destination, the second output to the second destination, etc. As a special case, the Caddyfile parser treats outputs that are a literal hyphen (-) as null/nil values. This is useful if you want to fall back to a default value for that particular output in the case of the given input, but want to use non-default values for other outputs. The number of outputs for each mapping must not exceed the number of destinations; however, for convenience, there may be fewer outputs than destinations, and any missing outputs will be filled in implicitly.
  • <default> specifies the output values to store if no inputs are matched.

Examples

The following example demonstrates most aspects of this directive:

map {host}           {my_placeholder}  {magic_number} {
	example.com      "some value"      3
	foo.example.com  "another value"

	~.*\.net$        -                 7
	~.*\.xyz$        -                 15

	default          "unknown domain"  42
}

This directive switches on the value of {host}, i.e. the domain name of the request.

If the request is for example.com, set {my_placeholder} to some value, and {magic_number} to 3. Else, if the request is for foo.example.com, set {my_placeholder} to another value, and let {magic_number} default to 42. Else, if the request is for any host that ends in .net or .xyz, set only {magic_number} to 7 or 15, respectively. Leave {my_placeholder} unset. Else (for all other hosts), the default values will apply: {my_placeholder} will be set to unknown domain and {magic_number} will be set to 42.